Stone Wool Insulation Commonly Known as Rock Wool
Quite a few readers have been asking questions about rock wool type insulation so I thought it was a topic worth discussing. If you’re not familiar with the term rock wool insulation, sometimes called mineral/stone wool insulation is fire resistant insulation product. In addition most stone wool insulation products are also water and moisture resistant, excellent sound barrier properties and easy to install.
Excellent Fire Resistant Properties
As you can see in the photo rock wool type insulation have excellent fire resistant properties. Roxul brand insulation (shown) has a melting point of 2,150°F. Obviously this gives it a huge advantage over insulation products like foam, fiberglass and cellulose which are all flammable at much lower temperatures.
The fire resistant properties are so good that this type of product is often used for fire blocking applications, insulating around chimneys and fireplaces and situations where the insulation needs to be left exposed. Obviously these type of special applications must be approved by the location building code official and meet the requirements of your local building code.
Excellent Water & Moisture Resistant Properties
Rock wool insulation also has excellent water and moisture resistant properties. For example Roxul insulation will not absorb water and does not rot, promote mildew, fungi, or bacteria, or sustain vermin. When you consider the devastating effects of mold damage in some of today’s modern homes it’s a wonder more people don’t insulate with this product!
One of the characteristics of this insulation that I really like is how dimensionally stable it is. Rock wool insulation products maintain their shape really well. Unlike fiberglass insulation that is easily compressed and unlike cellulose that settles over time rock wood insulation will hold it’s shape. This is extremely important in situations where a snug fit is all that keeps the insulation in place.
My Favorite Use
Over the years I’ve used rock wool insulation on almost every building project. It’s not a product that we’ve used in large quantities but it is a product that can be extremely useful. One of the most common applications that I use it for is insulating around fire place inserts. Today more and more people are installing gas fireplace inserts in new home designs.
The bummer about inserts is all the clearances you need to combustible materials. If you maintain those clearances with products like fiberglass and cellulose then you end up have a large area of you home without any wall insulation. Obviously that’s something we want to avoid especially with the cost of fuel these days.
So we use rock wool insulation to insulate the area of the clearance zone. This allows us to maintain the fireplace clearances while maintaining the building’s insulation barrier.